Expert support to interested parties

Expert support tasks include the preparation and completion of the strategic plans, documents, reports and inspections that Slovenia is obliged to provide and update. 

We provide state-run institutions, active in the field of the use of nuclear energy and radiation sources, with all the data they require, provide reports, and offer expert support for strategic decisions and the planning of long-term radioactive waste and spent fuel management. We are also responsible for maintaining and supplementing knowledge, and for developing staff in the field of radioactive waste management. 

Among other documents, ARAO draws up the following: 

  • the expert basis for the national RW management strategy. The current strategy is contained in the Resolution on the National Programme for Managing Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel 2016-2025.  
  • We work with the Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration (SNSA) to compile reports under Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom of 19 July 2011 establishing a Community framework for the responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste. Reports are prepared every three years. The first report was prepared in 2015 and the second in 2018.   
  • We work with the SNSA to compile Annual reports on Radiation and Nuclear Safety in the Republic of Slovenia. 
  • We work with the URSJV to compile reports required under the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. 
  • The revisions of the Krško Nuclear Power Plant (Krško NPP) Decommissioning Program  and the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program that are periodically compiled jointly by Croatia and Slovenia under the provisions of Article 10 of the Treaty between the Government of the Republic of Slovenia and the Government of the Republic of Croatia on the regulation of status and other legal relations regarding investment in and the exploitation and decommissioning of Krško nuclear power plant (Intergovernmental Treaty, Official Gazette of the RS-international treatiesNr. 23/2003). 
Revisions of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program

The Intergovernmental Treaty provides that the appointed expert organisations from Slovenia and Croatia shall at least every five years draft a Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program. 

In accordance with the provisions of the Intergovernmental Treaty, the first revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program (DP Rev. 1) was prepared in 2004 and approved at the 7th session of the Intergovernmental Commission for the Monitoring of the Implementation of the Intergovernmental Treaty in 2005. The Slovenian government was apprised in Decision Nr. 311-01/2001-21of DP Rev. 1, which was drafted as an independent document that combined the two programmes, as was the Croatian parliament, which gave prior consent of adoption (Narodne novineNr. 175/04). The Program of NPP Krško Decommissioning and SF&LILW Disposal from 2004 remained the document in force until a new revised version was adopted in July 2020. 

From April 2005, under the first revision of the Program of NPP Krško Decommissioning and SF&LILW Disposal, which set the level of the contribution for the decommissioning of NEK and the disposal of RW and SF, ELES GEN, d.o.o. began paying a contribution of 0.003 EUR/kWh of electricity produced at Krško NPP and sold in Slovenia into the Fund for Financing the Decommissioning of the Krško Nuclear Power Plant and the Disposal of Radioactive Waste from the Krško NPP . These payments were taken over by GEN energija, d.o.o. in July 2006 (i.e. when ELES GEN d.o.o. was reorganised as GEN energija, d.o.o.). 

Ordinance on the Method of Payment of Funds for Financing the Krško Nuclear Power Plant Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal  (Narodne novine, 50/06, 77/06, in force until 30 December 2008) and the Ordinance on the Amount, Deadlines and Method of Payment of Funds for Financing the Krško Nuclear Power Plant Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal (Narodne novine, 155/08, in force from 30 December 2008) specified the obligation of the Croatian owner of NEK, Hrvatska elektroprivreda d.d. (HEP) to pay EUR 14.25 million per year into the Fund for financing the decommissioning of the Krško Nuclear Power Plant and the disposal of NEK radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel (Fond NEK), applying the Croatian National Bank’s average exchange rate for the Croatian kuna on the day of payment. 

Contributions to the fund in Slovenia and Croatia have notchanged since the day of adoption. With the adoption of the Third revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and Third revision of the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program in July 2020 regular annual contributions to both funds will be updated accordingly.   

Preparation of the second revision of the Program of NPP Krško Decommissioning and SF&LILW Disposal began after the 8th session of the Intergovernmental Commission in 2008, which charged the expert organisations ARAO from Slovenia and the Special Waste Agency (APO) in Croatia with preparing the document. The first version of the document was prepared in June 2010 and the second version in February 2011. The Intergovernmental Commission did not discuss or approve these documents. 

The Intergovernmental Commission met again in July 2015 and was informed of the status of the preparation of the second revision of the Program of NPP Krško Decommissioning and SF&LILW Disposal. At this session the Commission decided to halt all activities relating to the preparation of this document and to immediately proceed to the drafting of the third revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and third revision of the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program. The Intergovernmental Commission charged the expert organisations referred to in Article 10 of the Intergovernmental Treaty with drafting the terms of reference for the preparation of the revision of the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program in cooperation with Krško NPP. The expert organisations referred to in Article 10 of the Intergovernmental Treaty are also charged with drafting the terms of reference for the preparation of the revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program in collaboration with Krško NPP. Pursuant to a decision of the Intergovernmental Commission, the Treaty signatories each authorised their expert organisations (ARAO from Slovenia and Fond NEK from Croatia) to prepare both programs in accordance with the Intergovernmental Treaty. 

At the 11th session of the Intergovernmental Commission in November 2017, it was decided that the two expert organisations, Slovenia’s ARAO and Croatia’s Fond NEK had, in cooperation with Krško NPP , prepared new coordinated terms of reference at the technical level for the decommissioning of Krško NPP and the disposal of radioactive waste from Krško NPP. The Intergovernmental Commission approved both sets of terms of reference and charged ARAO and Fond NEK with collaborating with Krško NPP on the drafting of a third revision of the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program. At the same time, it charged Krško NPP with drafting the third revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program in collaboration with ARAO and Fond NEK. 

At its 12th session in January 2019, the Intergovernmental Commission was apprised of the progress being made in the drafting of the third revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program, and charged the expert organisations with the task of preparing both programs, making additional cost optimisations and completing the third revision. 

The Intergovernmental Commission was then apprised of the third revisions of both programs and their executive summaries at its 13th session in September 2019. It decided that both programs should be forwarded for further adoption procedures in Slovenia and Croatia. The Slovenian government was informed with the executive summary of the Third revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and the Third revision of the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program at its session of December 2019. The Croatian government gave prior consent at its 202nd session of January 2020. The Croatian parliament voted positive for prior consent of the documents of the third revision at its 16th session of February 2020. On its 14th session in July 2020, Intergovernmental Commission adopted the third revision of the Programme for the Decommissioning of NEK and the Programme for the Disposal of RAW and SF from NEK. 

Expert support to interested parties

Expert support tasks include the preparation and completion of the strategic plans, documents, reports and inspections that Slovenia is obliged to provide and update. 

We provide state-run institutions, active in the field of the use of nuclear energy and radiation sources, with all the data they require, provide reports, and offer expert support for strategic decisions and the planning of long-term radioactive waste and spent fuel management. We are also responsible for maintaining and supplementing knowledge, and for developing staff in the field of radioactive waste management. 

Among other documents, ARAO draws up the following: 

  • the expert basis for the national RW management strategy. The current strategy is contained in the Resolution on the National Programme for Managing Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel 2016-2025.  
  • We work with the Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration (SNSA) to compile reports under Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom of 19 July 2011 establishing a Community framework for the responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste. Reports are prepared every three years. The first report was prepared in 2015 and the second in 2018.   
  • We work with the SNSA to compile Annual reports on Radiation and Nuclear Safety in the Republic of Slovenia. 
  • We work with the URSJV to compile reports required under the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management. 
  • The revisions of the Krško Nuclear Power Plant (Krško NPP) Decommissioning Program  and the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program that are periodically compiled jointly by Croatia and Slovenia under the provisions of Article 10 of the Treaty between the Government of the Republic of Slovenia and the Government of the Republic of Croatia on the regulation of status and other legal relations regarding investment in and the exploitation and decommissioning of Krško nuclear power plant (Intergovernmental Treaty, Official Gazette of the RS-international treatiesNr. 23/2003). 
Revisions of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program

The Intergovernmental Treaty provides that the appointed expert organisations from Slovenia and Croatia shall at least every five years draft a Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program. 

In accordance with the provisions of the Intergovernmental Treaty, the first revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program (DP Rev. 1) was prepared in 2004 and approved at the 7th session of the Intergovernmental Commission for the Monitoring of the Implementation of the Intergovernmental Treaty in 2005. The Slovenian government was apprised in Decision Nr. 311-01/2001-21of DP Rev. 1, which was drafted as an independent document that combined the two programmes, as was the Croatian parliament, which gave prior consent of adoption (Narodne novineNr. 175/04). The Program of NPP Krško Decommissioning and SF&LILW Disposal from 2004 remained the document in force until a new revised version was adopted in July 2020. 

From April 2005, under the first revision of the Program of NPP Krško Decommissioning and SF&LILW Disposal, which set the level of the contribution for the decommissioning of NEK and the disposal of RW and SF, ELES GEN, d.o.o. began paying a contribution of 0.003 EUR/kWh of electricity produced at Krško NPP and sold in Slovenia into the Fund for Financing the Decommissioning of the Krško Nuclear Power Plant and the Disposal of Radioactive Waste from the Krško NPP . These payments were taken over by GEN energija, d.o.o. in July 2006 (i.e. when ELES GEN d.o.o. was reorganised as GEN energija, d.o.o.). 

Ordinance on the Method of Payment of Funds for Financing the Krško Nuclear Power Plant Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal  (Narodne novine, 50/06, 77/06, in force until 30 December 2008) and the Ordinance on the Amount, Deadlines and Method of Payment of Funds for Financing the Krško Nuclear Power Plant Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal (Narodne novine, 155/08, in force from 30 December 2008) specified the obligation of the Croatian owner of NEK, Hrvatska elektroprivreda d.d. (HEP) to pay EUR 14.25 million per year into the Fund for financing the decommissioning of the Krško Nuclear Power Plant and the disposal of NEK radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel (Fond NEK), applying the Croatian National Bank’s average exchange rate for the Croatian kuna on the day of payment. 

Contributions to the fund in Slovenia and Croatia have notchanged since the day of adoption. With the adoption of the Third revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and Third revision of the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program in July 2020 regular annual contributions to both funds will be updated accordingly.   

Preparation of the second revision of the Program of NPP Krško Decommissioning and SF&LILW Disposal began after the 8th session of the Intergovernmental Commission in 2008, which charged the expert organisations ARAO from Slovenia and the Special Waste Agency (APO) in Croatia with preparing the document. The first version of the document was prepared in June 2010 and the second version in February 2011. The Intergovernmental Commission did not discuss or approve these documents. 

The Intergovernmental Commission met again in July 2015 and was informed of the status of the preparation of the second revision of the Program of NPP Krško Decommissioning and SF&LILW Disposal. At this session the Commission decided to halt all activities relating to the preparation of this document and to immediately proceed to the drafting of the third revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and third revision of the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program. The Intergovernmental Commission charged the expert organisations referred to in Article 10 of the Intergovernmental Treaty with drafting the terms of reference for the preparation of the revision of the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program in cooperation with Krško NPP. The expert organisations referred to in Article 10 of the Intergovernmental Treaty are also charged with drafting the terms of reference for the preparation of the revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program in collaboration with Krško NPP. Pursuant to a decision of the Intergovernmental Commission, the Treaty signatories each authorised their expert organisations (ARAO from Slovenia and Fond NEK from Croatia) to prepare both programs in accordance with the Intergovernmental Treaty. 

At the 11th session of the Intergovernmental Commission in November 2017, it was decided that the two expert organisations, Slovenia’s ARAO and Croatia’s Fond NEK had, in cooperation with Krško NPP , prepared new coordinated terms of reference at the technical level for the decommissioning of Krško NPP and the disposal of radioactive waste from Krško NPP. The Intergovernmental Commission approved both sets of terms of reference and charged ARAO and Fond NEK with collaborating with Krško NPP on the drafting of a third revision of the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program. At the same time, it charged Krško NPP with drafting the third revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program in collaboration with ARAO and Fond NEK. 

At its 12th session in January 2019, the Intergovernmental Commission was apprised of the progress being made in the drafting of the third revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program, and charged the expert organisations with the task of preparing both programs, making additional cost optimisations and completing the third revision. 

The Intergovernmental Commission was then apprised of the third revisions of both programs and their executive summaries at its 13th session in September 2019. It decided that both programs should be forwarded for further adoption procedures in Slovenia and Croatia. The Slovenian government was informed with the executive summary of the Third revision of the Krško NPP Decommissioning Program and the Third revision of the Krško NPP Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Disposal Program at its session of December 2019. The Croatian government gave prior consent at its 202nd session of January 2020. The Croatian parliament voted positive for prior consent of the documents of the third revision at its 16th session of February 2020. On its 14th session in July 2020, Intergovernmental Commission adopted the third revision of the Programme for the Decommissioning of NEK and the Programme for the Disposal of RAW and SF from NEK. 

Z sprejetjem Uredbe o načinu uplate sredstava za financiranje razgradnje i zbrinjavanja radioaktivnog otpada i istrošenoga nuklearnog goriva Nuklearne elektrane Krško ("Narodne novine", br. 50/06 i 77/06), ki je veljala do 30. 12. 2008 in Uredbe o iznosu, roku i načinu uplate sredstava za financiranje razgradnje i zbrinjavanja radioaktivnog otpada i istrošenoga nuklearnog goriva Nuklearne elektrane Krško ("Narodne novine", br. 155/08 - ki velja od 30.12. 2008) je bila določena obveznost hrvaškega lastnika NEK, Hrvatske elektroprivrede d.d. (HEP), da redno v Fond za financiranje razgradnje i zbrinjavanja radioaktivnog otpada i istrošenoga nuklearnog goriva Nuklearne elektrane Krško (Fond NEK) vplačuje sredstva v višini 14,25 milijonov EUR na leto, v protivrednostih glede na tečaj hrvaške kune po povprečnem tečaju Hrvaške narodne banke na dan plačila.

Oba prispevka v ustrezna sklada v Sloveniji in na Hrvaškem se od njunega sprejetja nista spreminjala.

Priprava druge revizije Programa razgradnje NEK in odlaganja NSRAO in IG iz NEK se je začela po 8. seji meddržavne komisije leta 2008, ki je mandat za pripravo dokumenta podelila strokovnima organizacijama ARAO iz Slovenije in Agenciji za posebni odpad (APO) iz Hrvaške. Dokument je bil izdelan v prvi različici v mesecu juniju 2010 in nato v drugi različici v mesecu februarju 2011. Teh dokumentov meddržavna komisija ni obravnavala niti ju ni potrdila.

Meddržavna komisija se je ponovno sestala julija 2015 in se seznanila s statusom izdelave druge revizije Programa razgradnje NEK in odlaganja NSRAO in IG iz NEK. Na tej seji je meddržavna komisija odločila, da se ustavijo vse dejavnosti za pripravo tega dokumenta, da pa se takoj prične z dejavnostmi za izdelavo tretje revizije Programa razgradnje NEK in Programa odlaganja NSRAO in IG iz NEK. Meddržavna komisija je zadolžila strokovne organizacije iz 10. člena meddržavne pogodbe, da skupaj z Nuklearno elektrarno Krško pripravijo predlog projektne naloge za izdelavo revizije Programa odlaganja radioaktivnih odpadkov in izrabljenega jedrskega goriva. Prav tako se zadolžijo strokovne organizacije iz 10. člena meddržavne pogodbe, da skupaj z NEK pripravijo predlog projektne naloge za izdelavo revizije Programa razgradnje NEK. Na podlagi sklepa meddržavne komisije sta pogodbenici vsaka svoji strokovni organizaciji (ARAO iz Republike Slovenije in Fond NEK) pooblastila za pripravo obeh programov v skladu z meddržavno pogodbo.

Meddržavna komisija je na svoji 11. seji novembra 2017 ugotovila da sta strokovni organizaciji ARAO iz Slovenije in Fond NEK iz Hrvaške v sodelovanju z NEK d.o.o. pripravili novi usklajeni projektni nalogi na tehnični ravni za razgradnjo NEK in za odlaganje radioaktivnih odpadkov iz NEK. Meddržavna komisija je sprejela obe projektni nalogi in naložila ARAO in Fond NEK, da v sodelovanju z NEK izdelata tretjo revizijo Programa odlaganja radioaktivnih odpadkov in izrabljenega goriva iz NEK. Hkrati pa je meddržavna komisija naložila NEK, da v sodelovanju z ARAO in Fond NEK izdela tretjo revizijo Programa razgradnje NEK.

Na svoji 12. seji januarja 2019 se je meddržavna komisija seznanila z napredkom pri izdelavi tretje revizije Programa razgradnje NEK in Programa odlaganja RAO in IG iz NEK ter zadolžila strokovne organizacije za pripravo obeh programov, za dodatno optimiziranje stroškov ter zaključek tretje revizije.

Meddržavna komisija se je nato s tretjo revizijo obeh programov in njenim povzetkom seznanila na svoji 13. seji septembra 2019 in odločila, da se oba programa posreduje v nadaljnje postopke sprejemanja v RS in RH. S povzetkom tretje revizije Programa razgradnje NEK in tretje revizije Programa odlaganja radioaktivnih odpadkov in izrabljenega goriva iz NEK se je Vlada RS seznanila na seji decembra 2019 ter na svoji 202. seji januarja 2020 še Vlada RH. Hrvaški sabor se je z dokumenti tretje revizije seznanil na svoji 16. seji februarja 2020. Dokočno potrjevanje tretje revizije Programa razgradnje NEK in Programa odlaganja RAO in IG iz NEK je predvideno na naslednji seji meddržavne komisije.